What’s the best lighting for displaying art?

By Ron Mulvey

The real trick for displaying your art is to find a light that complements the light in your painting.

best display lighting for art

Low chroma paintings (dark intense, somber) do not require much light. The contemporary landscape artist has designed the low chroma painting to bring out the dark colors and so to display it in bright light is to ruin the overall effect. The opposite is true for bright and colorful pictures. They have been designed to be full of light–and so, they require more light than a dark, intense picture.

In other words, remember that artists work with light–your lighting, then, should work to compliment the painting.

Low chroma versus high

It is a personal preference of mine to look at my low chroma pictures (dark, somber) later at night with a small amount of indirect light or a soft spotlight and enjoy the deep saturated colors as they create a mood in the picture that is not so evident during the bright daylight.

A high chroma (bright, colourful) picture responds well to a higher light level in most cases and may work well in brightening up a wall space that is in a darker part of a room.

If you want to prove conclusively the worst lighting possible for a work of fine art take it outside at noon into the bright sunlight. It will appear washed out and garish. This is your real starting point: it is the worst light; even the Mona Lisa wouldn’t stand up to this test.

What’s the correct viewing distance for displaying paintings?

To observe a work of fine art properly as the artist did when creating it multiply the dimension at the bottom of the picture by 6. If the bottom is 24 inches you should stand back 6×24 or if my math is correct-12 feet which is roughly 4 regular steps back from the picture.

Rembrandt (the Dutch Master) told clients not to get to close to his pictures because they might not like the smell of the paint. His pictures were encrusted with a rich thick impasto in specific areas and critics denounced this crass effect saying, “the paint is so thick that you can grind nutmeg on it.”

Rembrandt’s Impasto method was not appreciated by the critics because their viewing distance was much too close. Rembrandt’s genius can only be appreciated when the eye mixes the color at the proper viewing distance. Up close it looks coarse.

How to display realistic paintings versus abstract art

The smooth flawless realistic painting demands our scrutiny up close–so don’t hide it up out of reach of your nose. Instead, place it in an intimate corner and allow viewers enough space to inspect it at several different viewing distances.

In contrast, a big bold abstract needs a buffer of air with lots of viewing distance. Don’t give much opportunity for the viewer to get up close. With abstract art, the effect is appreciated from a distance and there is not much reason going on up close for the viewer to see.

The problem of displaying art within glass

The last lighting effect to consider is the reflected light that is caused by artwork under glass and high to medium gloss finishes on canvas or panel board.

The glass protects the art work from insects, finger prints, sneezes and so on. The gloss or semi gloss finish on canvass and panel board effectively accomplishes the same function as glass: both can be very annoying when it comes to lighting the painting.

The surface glare can be minimized by not having a light source directly opposite the work such as a window or lights. Direct light creates glare.

The use of non glare glass is not advisable as it obscures the picture image and increases ultra violet damage. There are finishes for oil and acrylic paintings that produce an eggshell finish that has little or no glare.

The old idea of putting a shiny finish on artwork should be stopped. It is not necessary since paint science is at the cutting edge of technology every stoke of the way.

The shiny finish is used to enhance the colors and at times to cover up poor painting techniques where colors have sunk in or lost there lustre. A well painted oil needs very little shine on top the natural oil mediums produce a wonderful sheen that needs only a very thin protective varnish. Some artists will not object to putting a light top coat of U.V.protective spray to take down the glaring high gloss reflective finish. All finishes are designed to be removed easily but don’t do it yourself (out of respect for the artist).

Halogen lights are the best

Finally, halogen lights are the choice of the PhD’s in lighting science next to indirect natural light in combination with the halogens or incandescent.

Some further reading on art lighting

“Art Lighting Advice from a Museum Curator”

“Advice on Displaying and Caring for Your Art.” 

“Display Lighting for Art”

“Hue, Value, and Chroma.”

About the Author

Ron is a contemporary landscape artist. You can view and buy his landscape paintings in his online art gallery.

Looking for an inexpensive piece of art? Ron offers beautiful, original landscape paintings for just $40. You can view and order these small paintings here.









Meet Don Flood–A Contemporary Art Collector

By Ron Mulvey 

Fortunately, art is the only profession in which no one considers you ridiculous if you earn no money.

–Sebastian Horsley

Nothing fuels an artist more than sales.

In the 1980’s, there were at least four regular clients who purchased many of my studio works in oil and acrylic. They came to every show and their genuine interest and enthusiasm worked like a tonic. While no landscape painter in his right mind goes into art for the money, selling your paintings does give you a boost of confidence and enables you to keep painting.

Last year, one very serious collector purchased thirty works from me which included paintings from three decades. There was a point when he had almost the same number as I had.

That was one of the most productive years I have ever had. Artists are always very encouraged by collectors; the collector believes in you and believes in the work you are doing.

Below is a video of Don Flood, a contemporary art collector who has purchased thirty of my landscape paintings. I am grateful for his support. You can view the video below and see his large collection of contemporary art.

About Ron

Ron is a contemporary landscape artist. You can view and buy his landscape paintings in his online art gallery.

Looking for an inexpensive piece of art? Ron offers beautiful, original landscape paintings for just $40. You can view and order these small paintings here.

Riverstone Art Gallery Now Open

If you are near Nelson BC and are looking to buy some art, our Riverstone gallery has just opened. This gallery is a private collection of my contemporary landscape paintings. We are small–but you can come for some organic coffee, juice, or a glass of wine and browse my collection of oils, watercolors, and acrylics.

We are open through the week–but it is best to give us a quick call before you come–250-226-7881.

About the Art Gallery

Located in the beautiful Slocan Valley, the Riverstone gallery holds about 15-20 of my favorite oil, acrylic, and watercolors. Most of these works were sketched just 200 feet from the gallery–up and down the Slocan River which runs through our property. There are also coastal paintings (from Vancouver and WhiteRock), forest oil paintings, and small sketches for sale for only $40.

Some of these oil paintings have taken me years to complete; others 30 minute sketches from around the valley and the Nelson BC area.

My works have been exhibited before in galleries around BC. But I’ve found it much nicer to have a private gallery and so while our art gallery is located about 35 minutes from Nelson, the drive is relaxing and we have some snacks and refreshments ready for you. Children are always welcome.

Directions to the Riverstone Gallery

If you are starting in Nelson BC, here’s how to get to our art gallery.
1. Take the highway BC-6 N/British Columbia (Heading towards Castlegar / Trail)
You will go about 21.0 km.
2.Turn right onto BC-6 N (signs for Slocan/New Denver/Nakusp)
 Continue for 15.2 km.
3.  Turn left onto Passmore Upper Rd (500 m)
4.  Slight right to stay on Passmore Upper Rd (600 m)
5.  Continue onto Upper Passmore Rd

Large Acrylic Masterwork. Ocean, Rock, and Sky. 1981, $15,000

large original painting of coastal scene

Ocean, sky, and tidal pools. Painted in the late summer with Acrylic on canvas.

Artist’s Description of Painting:

A lone boulder rendered in high realism holds the viewer and forces their return over and over as the eye travels through this West Coast landscape. Classical restraint in color avoids any color crashes that would jar the viewer and hold them captive. This picture is of the magic realist school which takes the everyday and infuses it with texture, mood, and craftsmanship. There is no trace of bravado. Features West Coast gray and blue color.

Size of Painting:

48 inches by 36 inches (large landscape painting)

For sale?